Khimshiashvili (Georgian: ხიმშიაშვილი) was a Georgian very oldest
family,known from the eleventh (XI) century.
Princedom of Adjara & Kakheti in eastern Georgia, with their
and Prince-Master of the Horse; Lord High Constable titles.
of family members sometimes was recognized Russian General
Russian Empires. Some of family's members was appointed Vezir of
and/or "Pasha" by Ottoman's Sultans. Khimshiashvili family was
called DUKE of Aragvi, Gurelli and Akhaltsikhe.
Their root was came
from most strong, and noble
name of Georgia: Khimshi Zedginidze* and
his generation was called
*** More Historical & Family information will add after translations complate
from Russian, Turkish, Georgian,
Danish documents. Our Historians & Researchers work on it which are appointed by
our family council.
*** The House of
Zevdginidze (ზევდგინიძე) or Zedginidze (ზედგინიძე),
Khimshiashvili (ხიმშიაშვილი)** which subsequently assumed the name
of its principal office-fief, of Amilakhvari (Prince-Master of the Horse Lord
Constable), is traceable in the province of Upper Kartli (now Inner Kartli) to
middle of the fourteenth century. A family legend holds it, though, that they
descend from a Roman officer who accompanied Pompey on his Caucasian
campaign in 65 BC. His descendants are said to have attained to Georgian
nobility in the 11th century.
Since then they are called Amikhvarais and are divided by several names:
1. Revazis shvili [shvili-son, child];
2.Khimshiashvili most powerful part of Zedginidze their noble &
still live in all Georgia. They controlled all
Akhaltsikhe and Batumi.
3. Bezhanis shvili;
4. Erastis shvili and his nephews;
5. Givis shvili.
***The Master of the
Horse was (and in some cases, is) a historical position of varying importance in
several European nations
The Roman Master of the Horse (Magister Equitum) :
The original Master of the Horse (Magister Equitum) in the Roman Republic was an
office appointed and dismissed by the Roman Dictator, which ceased to exist once
the Dictator left office. The Magister Equitum served as the Dictator's main
lieutenant. The nomination of the Magister Equitum was left to the choice of the
Dictator, unless a senatus consultum specified, as was sometimes the case, the
name of the person who was to be appointed. The Dictator could not be without a
Magister Equitum to assist him, and, consequently, if the first Magister Equitum
either died or was dismissed during the six months of the dictatorship, another
had to be nominated in his stead. The Magister Equitum was granted Praetorian
imperium, thus was subject to the imperium of the Dictator, but in the
Dictator’s absence, he became his representative, and exercised the same powers
as the Dictator. The imperium of the Magister Equitum was not regarded as
superior to that of a Consul, but rather a par with a Praetor. It was usually
considered necessary that the person who was to be nominated Magister Equitum
should previously have been Praetor, but this was not regularly followed.
Accordingly, the Magister Equitum had the insignia of a praetor: the toga
praetexta and an escort of six lictors. The most famous Master of the Horse was
probably Mark Antony, who served during Julius Caesar's first dictatorship.
The title Constable, from the Latin comes stabularis or count of the stables,
has a similar history.
The office of dictator, and with it magister equitum, lapsed after the
constitutional reforms of Augustus. However, the title of magister equitum was
revived in the late Empire, where emperor Constantine I established it as one of
the supreme military ranks, alongside the magister peditum ("Master of the
Foot"). Eventually, the two offices would be amalgamated into that of the
magister militum ("Master of the Soldiers").
Konyushy (Russian: Конюший) is literally translated as Master of the Horse or
Konyushy was a boyar in charge of the stables of Russian rulers. It was a high
title at the court of Russian rulers until the 17th century. By the end of the
15th century a special Equerry Office (конюшенный приказ, "konyushenny prikaz")
was introduced, headed by the Konyushy. It was in charge of the Tsar's stables,
parade equipage, ceremonies of court ride-offs, and military horse breeding. At
one point Boris Godunov was konyushy. The Equerry Office handled a significant
amount of Tsar's treasures, related to harness and horse/horseman armor, which
were transferred to the Kremlin Armoury in 1736.
In the Kingdom of Georgia, the similar post was known under the name of
amilakhvari (amir-akhori), derived from Arabic. It was a deputy to the
(amir-spasalari) and a member of the royal council. From the 1460s to the
Russian annexation of Georgia (1801), the office was hereditary in the
Zedginidze, Amilakhvari Khimshiashvili family.
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